Hydrogen FAQ for heavy duty vehicles
Hydrogen has become the buzzword of 2021. Australian Federal Energy Minister Angus Taylor has said the green hydrogen industry alone will represent a $ 10 billion a year market in Canada. over the next 20 to 30 years.
Australia is in a prime position to export clean, green hydrogen to mature export markets like Japan, South Korea and Germany, said Australian Hydrogen Generation, an Australian company specializing in the supply and installation of equipment to produce clean and green hydrogen.
Still don’t know what it is? We asked Australian Hydrogen Generation to provide us with a beginner’s guide to the booming industry and what to expect in the future.
So what is it?
Hydrogen (H2) is the most abundant element in the universe. To generate H2, you need a generator (or electrolyser) to pass an electric current through water (H2O). The hydrogen (H2) separates and is stored in gas cylinders and the other by-product is oxygen (O). When you use renewable energy (solar / wind, etc.) to power the generator, you get green hydrogen. Blue / Gray / Brown Hydrogen is produced by fueling the generator with fossil fuels.
Is it safe?
Any fuel can be dangerous under the wrong circumstances, which is why all fuels should be handled with care, including hydrogen. Leaking hydrogen quickly disperses and moves away from its source. If hydrogen is ignited, it burns rapidly with an unlit flame.
Why do we need it?
We currently import around 80% of our oil and diesel, but the world is decarbonizing fast. Most governments around the world are committing to net zero emissions by 2050, much sooner than that. Most major auto companies will stop production of ICE (internal combustion engine) vehicles by 2030, and the trucking and coach industries are no exception.
One of the best ways to start decarbonizing our economy is to transition from heavy transport – buses, trucks, etc. Electric vehicles may be better suited in the city, but in regional Australia with longer routes to cover, H2 trucks and buses are on the rise.
So how do you fuel a truck with hydrogen?
Just think of all the LPG gas tanks that were in taxis and trucks. Instead of LPG, the storage tanks will be filled with clean, green hydrogen. You refuel your truck at an HRS hydrogen refueling station. Same configuration as a regular servo. Hydrogen trucks can travel up to 800 km, depending on how many storage tanks you have. At this point, the retrofit is extremely expensive, so you will need a new H2 truck.
Can I make my own hydrogen?
It’s possible ! Companies like Australian Hydrogen Generation (h2gen.com.au) can provide you with a complete turnkey hydrogen solution with your own production, purification, compression, storage and refueling unit. The distance traveled and the payload of each vehicle will determine the size of the H2 system required.
H2 Gen recommends an H2 fleet of four vehicles as the minimum number to achieve optimum profitability. Hyzon Motors is an excellent supplier of heavy duty hydrogen vehicles, although there are other H2 heavy duty companies. Once you have your H2 vehicles, your green energy from the grid, and an H2 production system in place, you will decarbonize your business, produce your own fuel and thereby eliminate dependency on imported fuels.
It seems expensive
You would be right. Steve Arnerich, Director of Business Development at H2Gen, says: “Cell phones, solar panels and smart TVs were all expensive when they came out. Hydrogen will become competitive with diesel very quickly thanks to economies of scale and prices will drop quickly. In just over 10 years, renewables in Australia have become cheaper to power our energy grid than fossil fuels. “ The other good news is that a major investment in hydrogen production is underway in Australia. All state governments are investing in the hydrogen industry with grants available for the transition to hydrogen.