Infrastructure remains a major challenge for fuel cell vehicles, experts say

From his point of view, hydrogen could be a very viable solution for long-distance and intensive use, where a vehicle will be on the road almost 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

“There are some use cases that are much more favorable when it comes to hydrogen,” she said.

Richart said the hydrogen industry needs to look at lessons learned from the all-electric vehicle market and apply those lessons to improve standardization.

“With hydrogen, we need to bring certainty to the market,” she said. “Hydrogen is a long journey, it’s not a sprint. The technology is evolving, we’re learning more, and we need to keep educating people. A lot of people still have a lot of training issues dealing with hydrogen in safe.”

Dumarey explained that the most promising applications for hydrogen vehicles will start on the commercial side with heavy trucks and buses.

He added that the current design of internal combustion engines could be adapted for hydrogen vehicles.

“When we’re all in zero-emission cars, a lot of people won’t care about the end technology, it’s the total cost of ownership that’s important,” he said. “People have to be able to afford them. Hydrogen in an ICE is my goal, and it’s all about affordability.”

Currently, automakers including Toyota and Hyundai have adopted the technology to commercially produce fuel cell cars.

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