Mobility, the pandemic has blocked the construction of a new metro: in Italy barely 248 km, less than Madrid alone. Trains, high speed is widening the gap between regions

Cities are at the heart of the problems of mobility in Italy, due to delays in Infrastructure compared to other European countries, which run more. Throughout the Peninsula There are 248 kilometers of meterless than the city of Madrid which alone has 291. And then, if since 2009 the domestic trip on the train they increased by 46,000 passengers per day, this did not happen everywhere. Those ongreat speed increased by 114%, while those on Long distance they decreased by 47%, because the supply of the first increased and that of the second decreased. Ergo: I territories out of the fast lanes saw a reduction in the chances of change, also increasing the differences between regions. These are some of the aspects that emerge from the Pendulum report 2022 of Legambiente, with a focus on the new investment scenario envisaged in Italy, to understand what they can really be decisive. Especially in the situation of uncertainty where, for about two years, the system of transport railwaywithin the limits imposed by the pandemicovercrowding of trains and service cuts for the staff sick. The National Recovery and Resilience Plan with its 26 billion euros for the transport railwaymay not be enough to fill the gap in southern cities and trains.

The delays to catch up – Over the past four years, Italy has traveled at a rate less than 600 meters per year new meters, “a far cry from what we would need to recover from the problems,” the report explains. In 2019 and 2020, it was not inaugurated not even a stretch of metro lines and in 2021 only 1.7 kilometers. For the trams no kilometers were inaugurated in 2020 and 2021, while 5 kilometers were inaugurated in 2019 and 5.5 in 2018. Over the past twenty years, our country has not stopped investing in streets And highwaysintercepting 60% of investments from 2002 to 2019. Data from the National transport account for the interventions carried out from 2010 to 2019: 309 kilometers of motorways, 2,449 of national roads, compared to 91 kilometers of subways and 63 by tram. In 2021 the renewal of the the trains circulated: 105 new trains have arrived (in addition to the 757 already placed on the rail network), but the number of passengers in circulation has been reduced overall the trainsof those of high speed and ai Long distance (up to 40% less), ai regional (-45%). Many inconveniences experienced by commuters and studentsfor overloaded buses and trains, especially on lines that have been the worst in Italy for years, such as Rome-Lido, Rome-Viterbo, Circumvesuviana and some Lombard roads. “Unlike European cities – he underlines Legambiente – few cycle paths created during pandemicwhich could represent an important alternative for travel, if integrated into the public transport local“.

Differences between regions – And if the territories outside the expressways see the possibility of moving reduced, between the regions there is an increase differences. In some cases there is a decline, such as Campania (-43.9%), on Molise (-11%, with currently only two pairs of trains per day on the Termoli-Campobasso), Abruzzo (-19%), the Calabria (almost -25%) and Basilicata with a drop of 35%. As they got up LombardySouth Tyrol, Puglia, Tuscany. “After the cuts in the transfer of resources from the State to the regions for the a service transport – explains the report – in some regions it was decided to invest in order not to reduce a service, while in others it has been reduced and investments postponed”. It’s the South that suffers longer delays in terms of national and regional travel possibilities, with fewer, slower and older trains. In Sardinia the lines are still not electrified and are not planned investmentsif not hydrogen.

The resources of the PNR – The vice-president of Legambiente, Edoardo Zanchinirecalls the unprecedented means of the PNRR, but also that it is necessary “to invest in order to make up for the delay in the metro and trams in Italian cities, which have been partially recovered, and finally to give nationals the possibility of traveling by train in the south. In Italy – he adds – the Infrastructure and too few trains run in cities and regions outside of high speed”. What could change? Mission 3′Infrastructure for sustainable mobilityof the Pnrr provides 26 billion euros for the transport railwaywith interventions to be carried out by 2026. “In total, 797 kilometers of new high-speed lines are planned or financed – recalls Legambiente – upgrade interventions Connections transversewithout forgetting the electrification of the network and the installation of control systems of the security over 1,635 kilometers of network, which will increase the percentage of electrification in Italy from 69.5 to 77.8%”. For the ‘Developments of rapid public transport‘ in urban areas, between Pnrr and State resources, are planned or financed beyond 116 kilometers of the metro between new and conversions (in Rome, MilanoTorino, GenoaNaples, Catania), nearly 236 trams (in Milan, BergamoBrescia, PaduaBologna, FlorenceRome, Napoli, PalermoCagliari and Sassari) and 103 of trolleybuses and buses (among those 100% financed). In addition, resources are planned for regional lines, for the renewal of trains Long distance and for the purchase of hydrogen trains “although there is no guarantee that the hydrogen produced by renewable energiesexplains Legambiente.

The roadmap and priorities – In the report also the roadmap of the projects to be implemented by 2030, in a sector “Which one is the only one that hasn’t seen reductions in emissions of CO2 since 1990 and which is responsible for more than 26% of those in Italy”. Four priorities, second Legambiente. First, a plan to catch up subways and trams in Italian cities, with a law that allows municipalities to program and access funding necessary. And to reach, in a scenario by 2030, 411.5 km of metro (with a +162.6 compared to the current situation) and 798.3 km of trams (+427.4 km). Also needed to augment trains, trams and buses circulating in cities, responding to the problem ofconvoy congestion and inadequate frequency relative to existing and future demand, increasing staffing National Transport Fund. Another priority is represented by a new contract Long distance reduce territorial inequalities: a fundamental liaison service between the different regions of the country, which has experienced in recent years a reduction 16.25% compared to 2010 and for which 200 million euros per year are needed to run more trains in the south and in areas outside the high-speed radius. Finally, continue the process of renewal and reinforcement of the railway fleet: it is necessary to plan the purchase or renewal of 650 trains for regional lines and local.

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