NHM plan could beat for green hydrogen exports


Leveraging India’s landmass and green energy sources to export green hydrogen is one of the steps towards achieving energy sufficiency for the country, according to a draft proposal released by the Energy Ministry new and renewable (MNRE), for the national mission planned for hydrogen energy. two people aware of the evolution.

The draft proposal, which recommends green hydrogen exports to Japan, South Korea and Europe, also suggests the establishment of four integrated hydrogen hubs and the operation of long-term public transport buses. distance powered by hydrogen fuel cells on heritage roads, remote places and environmentally sensitive areas. These are part of the recommendations of the proposed National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHM).

Once the views of the various stakeholders are received, the MNRE will seek the approval of the Union Cabinet for the NHM. The game plan is to take advantage of the country’s land mass and low solar and wind tariffs to produce low-cost green hydrogen and ammonia for exports, thus strengthening the country’s geopolitical clout. The export strategy for next-generation carbon-free fuels has already been implemented by countries in West Asia, Canada, Chile and Australia.

Other proposed measures include facilitating open access to renewable energy and supporting low-cost production in hydrogen hubs. Open access allows large electricity users, typically those consuming more than 1 MW, to purchase electricity on the open market instead of relying on an expensive grid. However, that has yet to take off as state governments have increased standard fees on open access renewable energy projects.

Green hydrogen gas is produced by dividing water into hydrogen and oxygen using an electrolyzer which can be powered by electricity produced from renewable energy sources. It is also used for applications in industries such as chemicals, iron, steel, fertilizers and refining, transportation, heating and electricity.

“India’s plans are comparable to those of other countries. The proposal was drafted after a long consultation process. The project has been distributed to NITI Aayog, Indian Space Research Organization, Department of Atomic Energy and relevant ministries such as Electricity, Oil and Natural Gas, Steel, Science and Engineering. technology, road transport and highways, as well as to the department for the promotion of industry and internal trade, ”said an official of the MNRE, one of the two people named above, on condition of anonymity .

This comes at a time when India, the world’s third largest importer of oil, is readjusting its energy supply policy, keeping in mind strategic and economic interests. “Fuel has the potential to change the geopolitical dynamic for countries like India, which rely heavily on imported energy,” said the second person mentioned above, on condition of anonymity.

“The plan may also involve the operation of public transport and fuel cell commercial buses with an annual range of 60,000 km on a pilot basis on heritage routes, remote sites and environmentally sensitive areas, where half of demand must be met from green hydrogen, “India plans to build hydrogen plants that will run on electricity produced by green energy sources and help reduce dependence on fossil fuels. factories will provide network-wide storage solutions and raw materials for ammonia production.

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